A Festival of Kinship, Defiance, and Ethnic Survival

A Photo Essay of the DAPL Protests


  • John Paul




Protest, American Indian, Dakota Access Pipeline, Community Building, Photography


In the fall of 2016, I traveled to North Dakota as an invited guest of the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe to document the emergent encampment of American Indians and their allies who had gathered to protest the construction of the Dakota Access Pipeline. This work explores some of these lived protests and the festival-like realities (as well as the strengths and criticisms of the "festival” notion) that were produced in such protestive actions. Ultimately, this article has three goals. First, it seeks to document, via photographs and text, some of the mobilization efforts of protesters against a segment of the oil and gas industry operating on American Indian land. Second, it questions the scholarly concept of "festival as protest"—again, highlighting the strengths and controversies of the application of this term to the Standing Rock Protests. Third, it shows how photography can complement and enhance qualitative field research.

Author Biography

John Paul

John Paul is an applied sociologist that works in law enforcement. He specializes in police–community relations and issues of race and class in criminal justice institutions.



How to Cite

Paul, John. 2019. “A Festival of Kinship, Defiance, and Ethnic Survival: A Photo Essay of the DAPL Protests”. Journal of Festive Studies 1 (1):78-105. https://doi.org/10.33823/jfs.2019.1.1.29.