Reading the Party

Festivity as Waste in Evelyn Waugh’s 1930s Fiction


  • Naomi Milthorpe
  • Eliza Murphy



literary studies, Evelyn Waugh, satire, interwar literature, parties in literature, Roger Caillois


This article outlines an approach to understanding festivity through the lens of literary texts. Studies of festivity in early twentieth-century literature center largely on the image of the party. Representations of parties in the literary texts of this period range widely, and the sheer number of parties found in this body of literature highlights the shared interest of writers of the time to explore the implications of festive sociability. Given these parameters a reader might expect the literature of the period to show parties positively: as utopian occasions for transformative jouissance leading to catharsis and (satisfying) narrative closure. Yet many texts of this time represent festivity not as pleasurable renewal but as unpleasurable waste. This is particularly the case in fiction by the English satirist Evelyn Waugh (1903–66). In Waugh’s texts, celebration tends toward destructive (rather than restorative) disorder. This paper will read Waugh’s novel Vile Bodies (1930) and short story “Cruise: Letters from a Young Lady of Leisure” (1933), using Roger Caillois’s theory of games, to explore the ways in which parties become sites of wasteful play. Moreover, as this article will demonstrate, literary texts are central documents for understanding the cultural history and subjective experience of parties. They evidence the felt and imagined experiences of social and moral transgression; bodily, mental and affective transformation; and class, race, gender, and sexual boundary-crossing occasioned by festivity. In that sense, the discipline of literary studies can contribute to a robust interdisciplinary approach to understanding festivity.

Author Biographies

Naomi Milthorpe

Naomi Milthorpe is lecturer in English in the School of Humanities at the University of Tasmania. Her research interests center on modernist, interwar, and mid-century British literary culture, including the life and works of Evelyn Waugh, the poetics and politics of gardening, affect and emotion, and archives and memory. She has published widely in twentieth-century literary studies, most recently in the Journal of Modern Literature, The Space Between: Literature and Culture, 1914–1945, and NOVEL: A Forum on Fiction, and is the author of Evelyn Waugh’s Satire: Texts and Contexts (Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 2016).

Eliza Murphy

Eliza Murphy is a PhD candidate in the School of Humanities at the University of Tasmania. Her research explores the role and representation of parties in interwar literature, focusing on the novels of E. F. Benson, Stella Gibbons, Nancy Mitford, and Evelyn Waugh.




How to Cite

Milthorpe, Naomi, and Eliza Murphy. 2019. “Reading the Party: Festivity As Waste in Evelyn Waugh’s 1930s Fiction”. Journal of Festive Studies 1 (1):36-51.